Dental caries treatment in Cherkasy

Probably, there is no person who does not hear this word – caries. But what is this?

Caries – a disease of the teeth caused by bacteria, most commonly streptococcus (Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis), which leads to a softening of the enamel – demineralization.

Carious cavities are formed, after demineralization. Bacteria accumulate in the mouth and on the teeth (plaque). Even after thoroughbrushing your teeth, their numbers in the oral cavity reaches one million. Destroying tooth enamel (the strongest joint in the human body) these microorganisms penetrate inside the tooth, which in the future leads to the complete destruction and the destruction of the tooth as a whole. And what can you say if the person does not comply with the rules of hygiene of the oral cavity?

External factors causing caries

The lack of hygiene of the oral cavity:
         * irregular brushing your teeth at home;
         * visiting your dentist for professional hygiene of the oral cavity very seldom;
Poor nutrition:
  * absence or small dosage of raw vegetables and fruits in your food, and an excessive amount of fast carbohydrates;
insufficient saturation of drinking water with minerals: calcium, phosphorus, fluorine;
a sharp decline in immunity;
diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Classification of caries according to the depth of the lesion

This is quite simple division, which gained wide popularity among dentists all over the world.

1. A simple tooth decay:

Dental caries at the white spot stage- demineralization of the surface area of the tooth.
Superficial caries – carious cavity does not affect dentin.
Middle caries – the decay progresses beyond the enamel into the dentin.
Deep caries – similar to previous option, but the layer of dentine to the pulp is minimal.

2. Complicated caries:

Pulpitis – The pulp of the tooth gets involved and infected due to the action of bacteria. Pus formation results, causing the blood vessels and nerves in the pulp to die.
Periodontitis – The infection reaches the root tip of the tooth. The bones surrounding the tooth also get infected, causing severe pain.

Cervical Caries Treatment

Cervical caries is a special type of tooth decay which is characterized by destruction of bone tissue at the cervical margin of the tooth. This disease progresses very rapidly. If you experience its symptoms, immediately contact your dentist for a consultation.

The danger of his in that, sometimes the lesion is located close to the gum or under it, so this caries type affects the tissues which are adjacent to the root that is why the position of the tooth may be considerably weakened

On the advanced stages of cervical caries the tooth has to be extracted and replaced by an implant.

Cervical caries must be treated immediately as the carious cavity may look much smaller than it really is. Cervical caries can be effectively treated in a dental clinic.

Dental caries treatment in «SUCHASNA SIMEINA STOMATOLOGIA

The first step in the treatment of caries is the removal of plaque and dental stones with using an ultrasonic scaler.
In the second stage, when the dentist can view the affected area and the natural color of the tooth, than he determines the desired color (shade) and the volume of the filling material.
The third stage is anesthesia. In the early stages of caries treatment you can skip this step, because the depth of the lesion is far from the nerve.

The fourth stage – drilling diseased tissues. It’s quite important process. His poor performance (cleaning) can further lead to the progression of caries under the installed tooth filling.
The fifth stage – isolation of the treated tooth from saliva with cotton and gauze swabs, and also drying with air.
The sixth stage is processing of cleaned and dried cavity by drugs that eventually kill caries bacteria.
The seventh stage – treatment of enamel and dentin with a special gel which allows improving the fixation of composite fillings with the tooth surface. Drying of the gel is carried out using a photo -polymerization lamp.
The eighth step is to install insulating gasket made of glass ionomer cement. This is necessary because there is always the possibility of shrinkage of the filling material.
The ninth stage is the actual filling of the patient’s tooth. Step by step, dentist must to ensure the natural topography of the tooth. Drying of each layer of the filling tooth is done with the help of the same photo-polymerization lamp.
The tenth stage – polishing. It is also a very important process. The fact that in dental practice, very often there are cases of re-infection of the tooth that didn’t polish connections the layers filling cavity and the enamel of the tooth.

Make an appointment in our clinic. And you will forget about such problem as tooth decay.