Incorrect bite in children: causes and treatment
The happy future of our child is 70% dependent on us! And who, if not we – parents, should take care of children’s health and beauty? Healthy teeth and a beautiful smile – one of the main components of success! It is the smile that makes a person attractive, confident and not complexed! Therefore, if you see that your son or daughter has the wrong bite and crooked teeth – immediately consult an orthodontist! The sooner you start treatment – the painless and effective it will be!
The causes of malocclusion:
According to Tamara Akhramchuk, an orthodontist «Sushasnoi Semeynoi Stomatologii» in 90% of children – the pathology of the occlusion, namely, the accumulation of teeth. This is because the teeth are cut large and they do not have enough space on the jaw. The reason for this is that children do not load enough teeth and jaw system: instead of hard bagels, carrots and apples they eat soft food, crushed with a blender.
Long sucking breasts and pacifiers are also harmful to the teeth. After a year and a half, if the jaw is constantly in the same position – an incorrect bite will form.
Another reason for a malocclusion is the child’s habit of chewing on one side. This may be due to the fact that the baby has a toothache or staggering.
Problems with the bite in the baby can also be due to improper sitting at the desk. After all, the spine and the dental-maxillary system are closely related.
If the child has bad habits: sucking a finger, gnawing nails or a pen – this can also cause distorted teeth or uneven development of the upper or lower jaw.
Dangers of a malocclusion:
1) Ugly smile and problems in communication;
2) Defects in the pronunciation of certain sounds;
3) Diseases of the esophagus – the child will not be able to chew food as it should;
4) Uneven load on the teeth, which leads to the erasure of enamel;
5) Problems in proper oral hygiene: the teeth that are placed incorrectly are difficult to clean. As a consequence – gingivitis and periodontitis!
6) Facial asymmetry;
7) In adulthood, the owner of an incorrect bite will have problems with jaw joints, chewing muscles and head will begin to hurt.
At what age can I start treatment?
Up to six years, when the jaw is still brass knuckles, you can do special charging of denticles, for the correct growth and development of jaws and dentition. From the age of six, if necessary, you can align the teeth with the help of trainers. These are rubber devices that are put on for one hour during the day and at night. Jaws when wearing such an orthodontic apparatus are closed, so you can not talk or eat with them.
Also, an incorrect bite can be treated with replaceable plates from six to seven years. As a rule, they should be on denticles for several hours a day and night. They are removed during brushing, there are those that can be removed during meals and school.
But it is worthwhile to know that treatment with plates or trainees depends on a small patient! Variable plates will only give effect when they are on the teeth of a child, not under a pillow, in a pocket or in a briefcase!
To align the teeth to the children with the help of braces can be from the age of 12, when the bite is already formed.
Parents should know that when the baby has all the baby teeth, the child should be brought to an orthodontist for examination. Since the age of three, you can see the problems from the bite. And the sooner the treatment begins, if it is necessary, the better and faster the result!
How to persuade a child to treat a bite?
Show the child photos of the stars «Before» and «After» wearing braces. Tell that the equal teeth and beautiful smile helped these people to build a career and get recognition of millions.
For today there is a wide choice of various orthodontic devices. Involve the child in their choice. If it’s braces, shy children are better suited for sapphire, ceramic, which are almost invisible.
Merry fellows and favorites of noisy companies will prefer something special: for example, metal braces with multi-colored ligatures. Acquire your son or daughter with interesting toothbrushes, pastes and brushes for oral care. Surround them with attention, care and encouragement! For the effectiveness of treatment, the desire of the child and his optimistic mood is important!